REFERENCES

Agee, J.K., 1991. Fire history of Douglas-fir forests in the Pacific Northwest. In: Ruggiero et al. (1991)

Agee, J.K.. 1993. Fire ecology of the Pacific Northwest forests. Island Press, Washington, DC. 493 p.

Beckly, Thomas M. 1995. Community stability and the relationship between economic and social well-being in forest-dependent communities. Edmonton, Alberta: Natural Resources Canada 8: 261-266.

Bolsinger, C.L., and Waddell, K.L. 1993. Area of old-growth forests in California, Oregon, and Washington. Resource Bulletin PNW-RB-197. Portland, OR: U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Booth, D.E. 1991. Estimating prelogging old-growth in the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Forestry 89(10):25-29.

Bormann, B.T., Martin, J.R., Wagner, F.H., Wood, G., Alegria, J., Cunningham, P.G., Brookes, M.H., Friesema, P., Berg, J., and Henshaw, J., in preparation. Adaptive management: common ground where managers, scientists, and citizens can try to learn to meet society's needs and wants while maintaining ecological capacity. IN Ecological Stewardship Book, Chapter T-27. Available from U.S. Forest Service, Pacific NW Research Station, Corvallis, OR.

Fahnestock, G.R., and Agee, J.K., 1983. Biomass consumption and smoke production by prehistoric and modern forest fires in western Washington. Journal of Forestry 81:653-657.

FEMAT (Forest Ecosystem Management Assessment Team). 1993. Forest ecosystem management: an ecological, economic, and social assessment. Portland, OR: U.S. Forest Service and other agencies.

Fujimora, T. 1971. Primary productivity of a young Tsuga heterophylla stand and some speculations about biomass of forest communities on the Oregon coast. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-123.

Greene, S.E., and Blinn, T. 1991. Research Publication of the Cascade Head Experimental Forest and Scenic Research Area, Oregon Coast Range, 1934 to 1990. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, General Technical Report PNW-268.

Lee, K.N. 1991. Compass and Gyroscope: Integrating Science and Politics for the Environment. Island Press, Washington D.C.

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Nehlsen, W., J.E. Williams, and J.A. Lichatowich 1991. Pacific salmon at the crossroads: stocks at risk from California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washingron. Fisheries: Bulletin of the American Fisheries Society. vol. 16 (2) March-April 1991.

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Old-Growth Definition Task Group. 1986. Interim definitions for old-growth Douglas-fir and mixed-conifer forests in the Pacific Northwest and California. Research Note PNW-447. USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.

Oliver, C.D. 1981. Forest development in North America following major disturbances. Forest Ecology and Management 3: 153-168.

Ripple, William J. 1994. Historical spatial patterns of old forests in western Oregon. Journal of Forestry 92(11): 45-49.

Ruggiero, L.F., Aubry, K.B., Carey, A.B. and Huff, M.H. (Tech. coord.'s). 1991. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Sauter, J., and Johnson, B. 1974. Tillamook Indians of the Oregon coast. Portland, OR: Binsford and Mort.

Sedell, J.R., and K.J. Luchessa. 1982. Using the historical record as an aid to salmonid habitat enhancement. In: Armantrout, N.B. (ed.) Proc. of a Symp. on Aquisition and Utilization of Aquatic Habitat Inventory Information. Western Division, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Scientific Panel 1991. Alternatives for management of late-successional forests of the Pacific Northwest. A report to the Agriculture Committee and the Merchant marine Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives. 59 p.

Shannon, M., Sturtevant, V., and Trask, D. 1996. Organizing for innovation: A look at the agencies and organizations responsible for adaptive management areas: The case of the Applegate AMA. Medford, OR: Available at the Medford office of the Bureau of Land Management.

Siuslaw National Forest. 1990. Land and resource management plan for the Siuslaw National Forest, Pacific Northwest Region. Corvallis, OR: available at the office of the Forest Supervisor.

Siuslaw National Forest, Pacific Northwest Research Station, and Oregon State University, College of Forestry. 1993. Commercial thinning and underplanting to enhance structural diversity of young Douglas-fir stands in the Oregon Coast Range. Corvallis, OR: available from PNW Research Station, U.S. Forest Service.

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Siuslaw National Forest. 1995a. Pollard Cedar project environmental assessment. Hebo, OR.

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Teensma, P.D.A., Rienstra, J.T., and Yeiter, M.A.. 1991. Preliminary reconstruction and analysis of change in forest stand age classes of the Oregon Coast Range from 1850 to 1940. USDI Bureau of Land Management Technical Note T/N OR-9. Oregon State Office, Portland.

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USDA Forest Service manuals and handbooks. Available at Siuslaw National Forest Supervisor's Office, Corvallis, OR, and at Hebo Ranger Station, Hebo, OR.

USDI Bureau of Land Management manuals and handbooks. Available at Salem District Office, Salem, OR, and at Tillamook Resource Area office, Tillamook, OR.

USDI 1992. Recovery plan for the northern spotted owl. Portland, OR

USDI Bureau of Land Management. 1995. Salem District record of decision and resource management plan. Salem, OR.

Zybach, R. 1993. Native forests of the Northwest: 1788-1856 American Indians, cultural fire, and wildlife habitat. Northwest Woodl. 9(2):14-15, 30-31.
 



 

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